Ministry is a specialized organization responsible for a sector of government public administration, sometimes led by a minister, but usually a senior public servant, that can have responsibility for one or more departments, agencies, bureaus, commissions or other smaller executive, advisory, managerial or administrative organizations. Ministries are usually subordinate to the cabinet, and prime minister, president or chancellor. A government will usually have numerous ministries, each with a specialized field of providing public service. National ministries vary greatly between countries, but some common ones include Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance, and Ministry of Health. This organization has great touch with the Ministries not in India and we on the time of need try to reach public grievances and giving suggestion to these departments.
The diference between Minister and the Ministry is minister is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government. Senior ministers are members of the cabinet. The term Minister is a Middle English phrase, stemming from the Old French word ministre, originally minister in Latin, meaning 'servant' In some countries and territories (such as Hong Kong, the Philippines, the UK, and the US), such a person can instead be known as a secretary. The term was and is still also used in diplomacy for second level diplomats (heads of legations). In many parliamentary systems of government, especially those using the Westminster system, such as the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia, ministers must be selected from the legislature. In presidential systems of government such as the United States and Mexico, ministers are formally titled secretaries (because the term minister carries royalist connotations considered inappropriate in republics) and are appointed by the president, not drawn from the legislature. Various countries form ministries as Cabinets. Compare List of cabinets. Other cabinets are usually included in Politics of ..-articles .List of incumbents, groups lists of ministers by country Specific ministers: Prime Minister,Finance minister,Foreign minister,Defence minister,Information minister,Interior minister,Environment minister,Health minister,Justice minister,Education minister,Culture minister, Agriculture minister,Transport minister,Commerce minister,Energy minister,Inland revenue minister,Public works minister,Minister for Sport,Sometimes chancellor likely.
Ministerial responsibility or Individual ministerial responsibility is a constitutional convention in governments using the Westminster System that a cabinet minister bears the ultimate responsibility for the actions of their ministry or department. Individual ministerial responsibility is not the same as cabinet collective responsibility, which states members of the cabinet must approve publicly of its collective decisions or resign. This means that a motion for a vote of no confidence in a Parliament is not in order, should the actions of an organ of Government fail in the proper discharge of their responsibilities. Where there is ministerial responsibility, the accountable Minister is expected to take the blame, and ultimately resign. But the majority or coalition within Parliament of which the Minister is part, is not held to be answerable for that Minister’s failure. This means that if waste, corruption, or any other misbehaviour is found to have occurred within a ministry, the minister is responsible even if the minister had no knowledge of the actions. A minister is ultimately responsible for all actions by a ministry. Even without knowledge of an infraction by subordinates the minister approved the hiring and continued employment of those civil servants. If misdeeds are found to have occurred in a ministry the minister is expected to resign. It is also possible for a minister to face criminal charges for malfeasance under their watch. The principle is considered essential as it is seen to guarantee that an elected official is answerable for every single government decision. It is also important to motivate ministers to closely scrutinize the activities within their departments.
One rule coming from this principle is that each cabinet member answers for their own ministry in Question Time/Question Period. The reverse of ministerial responsibility is that civil servants are not supposed to take credit for the successes of their department, allowing the government to claim them. In recent years some commentators have argued the notion of ministerial responsibility has been eroded in many Commonwealth countries. While the doctrine is a constitutional convention there is no formal mechanism for enforcing the rule. Today ministers frequently use ignorance of misbehaviour as an argument for lack of culpability. While opposition parties rarely accept this argument, the electorate is often more accepting. Courts of the United Kingdom have become less likely to find ministers guilty when their individual knowledge of or involvement in a crime cannot be proved. In most other Commonwealth countries such cases are today hardly ever brought to trial.